Alexander Pines is the Glenn T. Seaborg Professor
of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and Principal
Investigator in the Materials Sciences Division of the Lawrence
Berkeley National Laboratory. In 1972, he obtained his Ph.D.
in Chemical Physics at MIT and joined the faculty at Berkeley.
Pines was awarded the Wolf Prize for chemistry in 1991. Among
his numerous other honors, he has received the Langmuir Award
of the American Chemical Society and the Farraday Medal of the
Royal Society of Chemistry. He is a member of the U.S. National
Academy of Sciences, and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society
(London); he is Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Paris
and the University of Rome, and past President of the International
Society of Magnetic Resonance. A renowned educator, Pines has
been recognized by receiving the University of California Distinguished
Teaching Award; and has been mentor to generations of graduate
students and postdoctoral fellows worldwide, the self-dubbed
Pines is a pioneer in the development of nuclear
magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, particularly for solids.
His innovations include contributions to multiple-pulse coherent
averaging, time-reversal of dipolar couplings, cross-polarizations,
multiple quantum coherence, multidimensional spectroscopy, and
Applications of his widely used techniques
range from catalyst and polymers to liquid crystals and biomolecules.
Recently, Pines has introduced a novel approach to high-resolution
"ex-situ" spectroscopy and imaging; he has also further
enhanced NMR and its offspring, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),
using laser-polarized noble gases and superconducting (SQUID)
detectors, with applications extending from chemistry and physics
to materials science and biomedicine.