Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry

IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry): An international organization that represents chemistry and chemists. Probably most familiar to the typical student of organic chemistry as the group that establishes rules for organic chemistry nomenclature.

Common name: tert-butyl chloride
Systematic (IUPAC) name: 2-chloro-2-methylpropane

Common name: Paclitaxel
Trademark name: Taxol
Systematic (IUPAC) name: (2α,4α,5β,7β,10β,13α)-4,10-bis(acetyloxy)-13-{[(2R,3S)- 3-(benzoylamino)-2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoyl]oxy}-1,7-dihydroxy-9-oxo-5,20-epoxytax-11-en-2-yl benzoate