Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry

SNAr mechanism: An aromatic substitution mechanism featuring nucleophilic addition to an aromatic ring (which destroys the ring's aromaticity), followed by an elimination step (which restores the lost aromaticity).

This SNAr reaction begins with nucleophilic addition of methoxide ion (-OCH3; a nucleophile) to the benzene ring (the addition step), followed by elimination of fluoride ion (a leaving group) to give the final product.